Books, Dissertation, and Articles

Books and Dissertations

Brian Douglas Han Gregg, The historical Jesus and the final judgment sayings in Q. (PhD diss. University of Notre Dame, 2005).

Norman C. Perrin, Rediscovering the Teaching of Jesus. (New York: Harper & Row, 1967). – Online text of Perrin’s book, prepared for Religion On-Line by Richard and Sue Kendall and Ted and Winnie Brock.

Daniel Sefa-Dapaah, “An investigation into the relationship between John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth: a socio-historical study.” PhD, University of Coventry, 1995. [Free access on registration; ]

Graham H. Twelftree, Jesus the exorcist: a history of religions study. (PhD diss. University of Nottingham, 1981). [Free access on registration; ]

Older Works

Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus and the Word. (New York: Scribner, 1958). – Online text of the English translation of Bultmann’s classic book of 1926, prepared for Religion On-Line by Ted & Winnie Brock.

Martin Dibelius, Jesus. (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1949).  – Online text of the English translation of Dibelius’s classic on Jesus, prepared for Religion On-Line by Richard and Sue Kendall.

Paul Feine, Jesus. (Gütersloh: C. Bertelsmann, 1930). [German]

Wilhelm Heitmüller, Jesus. (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1913). [German]

Martin Kähler, Der sogenannte historische Jesus und der geschichtliche, biblische Christus: Vortrag auf der Wupperthaler Pastoralkonferenz gehalten. (Leipzig: A. Deichert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Nachfolge (G. Böhme), 1892). – Classic work by the influential Professor of New Testament and Systematic Theology.

Martin Kähler, Gehört Jesus in das Evangelium? (Leipzig: A. Deichert, 1901).

Gerhard Kittel, Der ‘historische Jesus’. (Stimmen der Deutschen Christlichen Studentenbewegung 70.) (Berlin: Furche, 1932). – Note: distinctly anti-semitic. Kittel’s work was (directly and indirectly) internationally influential due to his editorship of the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament.

Albert Schweitzer, The Quest of the Historical Jesus: A Critical Study of Its Progress from Reimarus to Wrede. (2nd ed.) (London: Adam & Charles Black, 1911). – W. Montgomery’s English translation of one of the most famous books in New Testament studies. Also available in this edition by Peter Kirby on his Early Christian Writings site: Albert Schweitzer, The Quest of the Historical Jesus.

Articles & Reviews

Paul J. Achtemeier, “Is the New Quest Docetic?”, Theology Today 19 (1962): 355-68.

John Ashton, “The Religious Experience of Jesus”, 2002-03 James Lecture, Harvard Divinity School, in Harvard Divinity Bulletin 32/1 (Fall/Winter 2003): 17-20. [View whole issue in PDF]

David L. Bartlett, “The Historical Jesus and the Life of Faith”. Christian Century 109.16 (1992): 489-493.  – Review article on Meier, A Marginal Jew and Crossan, The Historical Jesus; reproduced at Religion-Online.

David B. Batstone, “Jesus, Apocalyptic, and World Transformation”, Theology Today 49.3 (1992): 383-97.

Gerhard Bodendorfer, “Jewish Voices About Jesus”, on-line article, Jewish-Christian Relations web site. This article is an English translation of a German original.

Marcus J. Borg, “Me & Jesus — the Journey Home: An Odyssey”. The Fourth R 6.4 (1993).

Marcus Borg, “A Renaissance In Jesus Studies”, Theology Today 45.3 (1988): 280-92.

Marcus Borg, “David Friedrich Strauss: Miracle and Myth”, The Fourth R 4. 3 (1991)

Brian Capper, “Wealth.” In: Jesus in history, thought, and culture: an encyclopedia. Ed. J. L. Houlden, Vol. 2, 864-869. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2003.

Brian Capper, “John, Qumran and virtuoso religion (Paper read at the special John and Qumran seminar of the Society of Biblical Literature meeting in San Diego, November 2007).”

Brian Capper, “Jesus, virtuoso religion, and the community of goods (Paper presented in February 2008 in the seminar series Engaging Economics at St. Mary’s College, St. Andrews).”

James Charlesworth, “Jesus and Jehohanan: An Archaeological Note on Crucifixion”, Expository Times 84 (1973): 147-150.

Bruce Chilton, “Archaeology and Rabbi Jesus.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 12, no. 2 (2002): 273-280.

Peter F. Craffert, “Beetroot, Garlic, Lemon and Jesus in the Fight against HIV/AIDS: Historical Jesus Research as an Antidote for Religious and Folk Exploitation.Neotestamentica 44.2 (2010) 292-306.

William Lane Craig, “The Guard at the Tomb”, New Testament Studies 30 (1984): 273-81; reproduced at Leadership University‘s web site.

William Lane Craig, “The Historicity of the Empty Tomb of Jesus”, New Testament Studies 31 (1985): 39-67; reproduced at Leadership University‘s web site.

John Dominic Crossan, “Almost the Whole Truth: An Odyssey”, The Fourth R 6.5 (1993).

Jonathan A. Draper, “Jesus and the Renewal of Local Community in Galilee: Challenge to a Communitarian Christology”, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 87 (1994): 29-42.

John H. Elliott, “Jesus was not an egalitarian. A critique of an anachronistic and idealist theory”, Biblical Theology Bulletin 32.2 (2002): 75-91

Craig A. Evans, “Assessing Progress in the Third Quest of the Historical Jesus”, Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 4 (2006): 35-54. – This is a copy on Craig Evans’ web site, without the journal pagination.

Craig A. Evans, “Archaeology and the historical Jesus: recent developments.” SBL Forum (2004)

Craig A. Evans, “Messianic Hopes and Messianic Figures in Late Antiquity”, Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 3 (2006): 9-40.

Craig A. Evans, “Jewish Burial Traditions and the Resurrection of Jesus”, Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 3 (2005): 233-48. – This is a copy on Craig Evans’ web site, without the journal pagination.

Paula Fredriksen, “Did Jesus oppose the purity laws?”, Bible Review 11/3 (1995): 18-25 & 42-47, reproduced on Fredriksen’s home page.

Paula Fredriksen, “What You See is What you Get: Context and Content in Current Research on the Historical Jesus”, Theology Today 52.1 (1995) pp. 75-97, reproduced on Fredriksen’s home page.

Paula Fredriksen, “Gospel Chronologies, the Scene in the Temple, and the Crucifixion of Jesus”, on-line article, Fredriksen’s home page.

Paula Fredriksen, “What does Jesus have to do with Christ?”, in A. M. Clifford and A. J. Godzieba (eds.), Christology: Memory, Inquiry, Practice (Maryknoll N.Y.: Orbis Press 2003): 3-17, reproduced on Fredriksen’s home page.

Mark Goodacre, “Comprehensively Questing For Jesus?”: Review Article on Gerd Theissen & Annette Merz, The Historical Jesus: A Comprehensive Guide, Reviews in Religion and Theology 6 (1999): 116-20

Mark Goodacre, “The Quest to Digest Jesus: Recent Books on the Historical Jesus”, Reviews in Religion & Theology 7 (2000): 156-61

David B. Gowler, “The modern quest for the historical Jesus”. In: What are they saying about the historical Jesus? (New York: Paulist Press, 2007).

K. C. Hanson, “The Galilean Fishing Economy and the Jesus Tradition”, Biblical Theology Bulletin 27 (1997): 99-111. Reproduced on Hanson’s web site, without pagination.

Richard B. Hays, “The Corrected Jesus”, Review Essay on Robert Funk et al (eds.), The Five Gospels: The Search for the Authentic Words of Jesus. First Things 43 (May 1994): 43-48.

Richard B. Hays, “The Jesus Quest and the Real Jesus”, Review Essay on Ben Witherington III, The Jesus Quest and Luke Timothy Johnson, The Real Jesus, in First Things 64 (June/July 1996): 44-46

Richard Heard, “The Life of Jesus”: Chapter 11 in An Introduction to the New Testament (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1950), reproduced on Religion-Online.

Leander E. Keck, The Second Coming of the Liberal Jesus? Review article on Vermes, Borg and Crossan, The Christian Century, August 24-31, 1994: 784-787; reproduced at Religion-Online.

Eric Laupot, “Tacitus’ Fragment 2: The Anti-Roman Movement of the Christiani and the Nazoreans”, Vigiliae Christianae 54. 3 (2000): 233-47. – Reproduced without pagination.

William Loader, “The Historical Jesus Puzzle”, Colloquium 29.2 (1997): 131-150. – Reproduced on Loader’s home page, with original pagination.

William Loader, “Mark 7.1-23 and the Historical Jesus”. Colloquium. The Australia and New Zealand Theological Review 30/2 (1998): 123-151. – Reproduced on Loader’s home page, with original pagination.

William Loader, “Jesus the Jew”, Gesher. The Official Journal of the Council of Christians and Jews (Vic) Inc. 1/6 (1997) 48-56 and Trinity Occasional Papers 17.2 (1997): 5-24 (reproduced on Loader’s home page, without original pagination). Also on the web site of the Council of Christians and Jews, Victoria.

William Loader, “Simple Choices? A Response to John Dominic Crossan”, Colloquium. The Australia and New Zealand Theological Review 31.2 (1999):  67-74. – Reproduced on Loader’s home page, without the original pagination.

Richard Longenecker, “The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith: Some Contemporary Reflections”, lecture given on February 11, 1999 at Yorkminster Park Theological Forum, Toronto, Canada.

Sanford Lowe, “The Significance of the Work of the Jesus Seminar for Judaism”, The Fourth R 5,4 (July 1992). Reproduced on the Westar Insitute pages.

Lane C. McGaughy, “The Search for the Historical Jesus: Why start with the sayings?” Fourth R 9,5-6 (September/December 1996) . – Reproduced on the Westar Institute pages,

Scot McKnight, “Jesus and the Twelve”. IBR Studies (no date), on the web site of the Institute for Biblical Research.

John P. Meier, “The Present State of the ‘Third Quest’ for the Historical Jesus: Loss and Gain”, Biblica 80.4 (1999): 459-487.

John P. Meier, “The Historical Jesus and the Historical Samaritans: What can be Said?”, Biblica 81.2 (2000): 202-232.

Robert J. Miller, “The Jesus Seminar and Its Critics”, paper presented to the SBL Historical Jesus Section, November 1996.

Robert J. Miller, “Can the Historical Jesus be Made Safe for Orthodoxy? A Critique of The Jesus Quest by Ben Witherington III”, Journal of Higher Criticism 4.1 (1997): 120-137.

Halvor Moxnes, “Ethnography and Historical Imagination in Reading Jesus as an Exorcist.” Neotestamentica 44.2 (2010) 327-341.

Stanley E. Porter, “Did Jesus ever teach in Greek?” Tyndale Bulletin 44, no. 2 (1993): 199-235.

Jonathan Reed, “Excavating Jesus: who was the historical Jesus?” (n.d.)

James M. Robinson, “The Real Jesus of the Sayings ‘Q’ Gospel”, on-line version of an address delivered at Princeton Theological Seminary, April 10, 1997; reproduced at Religion-Online.

E. P. Sanders, “Jesus in Historical Context”, Theology Today 50 (1993): 429-48 (official on-line version of journal archive)

E. P. Sanders, “The Question of Uniqueness in the Teaching of Jesus”, (London: University of London, 1990), The Ethel M. Wood Lecture 15 February 1990, reproduced on (New)

Mark T. Schuler, Recent archaeology of Galilee and the interpretation of texts from the Galilean ministry of Jesus. Concordia Theological Quarterly 71.2 (2007), pp. 99-116.

Claudia Setzer, “The Historical Jesus”, Tikkun Magazine Vol. 10, No. 4 (July 17 1995), p. 73, reproduced on the PBS: Frontline Web Site.

Mahlon H. Smith, “A Little Leaven: Jesus in Dialectical Perspective”, on-line article (Smith’s homepage, posted July 1998).

Mahlon H. Smith, “Israel’s Prodigal Son: Reflections on Reimaging Jesus”, Forum n.s. 1,2 (1998): 431-466, reproduced on The Jesus Seminar Forum.

Mahlon H. Smith, “Missing the Son of Man”, on-line article, The Jesus Seminar Forum (posted February 2000)

Glen H. Stassen, “The Marks of the Kingdom and the Four Dimensions of Jesus’ Justice”, on-line article (no date)

Armand Puig i Tàrrech, “La recherche du Jésus historique”, Biblica 81 (2000): 179-201

Charles Wanamaker, “The historical Jesus today: a reconsideration of the foundation of christology”, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 94 (March 1996): 3-17

Robert L. Webb, “Jesus’ Baptism: Its Historicity and Implications”, IBR Studies (no date), Institute for Biblical Research web site; also available as a PDF at

Wolfram Weiser and Hannah M. Cotton. “‘Gebt dem Kaiser, was des Kaisers ist…’: Die Geldwährung der Griechen, Juden, Nabatäer und Römer im syrisch-nabatäischen Ruam unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kurses von Sela / Melaina und Lepton nach der Annexion des Königreiches der Nabatäer durch Rom.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 114 (1996): 237-287.

John R. Wilch, “Why was it necessary for the Pharisees to oppose Jesus?” Lutheran Theological Review 1.1 (1983): 20-36.

Walter Wink, “Write What You See”, The Fourth R 7,3 (May/June 1994)

Ben Witherington, III, “The Wright Quest for the Historical Jesus”: Review article on N. T. Wright, Jesus and the Victory of God, The Christian Century, November 19-26 1997: 1075-1078, reproduced at Religion-Online

N. T. Wright, “Jesus and the Quest”, on-line article at The Anglican Institute (no date)

N. T. Wright, “Five Gospels but no Jesus: Jesus and the Seminar”, in Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans (eds.), Authenticating the Activities of Jesus (Leiden: Brill, 1999): 83–120, reproduced on the N. T. Wright page.

Joe Zias, “Crucifixion in Antiquity: The Evidence”, on-line article (1998) at the Century One Foundation, also available at James Tabor’s site and at Joe Zias’s homepage.